Hardshell Jacket 'Rebirth' in 2011?

By STEPHEN REGENOLD

It’s early winter, and it’s sleeting outside. But you want to go on a trail run. So you put on a layer — a wool or a synthetic base on top. Then it’s time for a jacket. Rainwear? Too clammy for a run. Softshell? No, it’ll soak through. Ah, yes, a hardshell jacket — a waterproof-breathable shell that will protect from the sleet and the sloppy skies, but will also wick your sweat from the inside as you run. Dry as a bone, from the inside and the out.

In a perfect world, the hardshell solution would be true. In our real world outdoors, the theory of the truly “waterproof-breathable” shell, which has been touted for decades, is often a half-truth at best. The waterproof side is bonafide. Breathable? Not so much.

hardshell in mountains.jpg

Hardshells on! Freezing temps and precip necessitate waterproof shells in the Darwin Mountains of Patagonia

To be sure, modern waterproof-breathable hardshells are far superior to rain slickers, windbreakers and their ilk. Hardshells are comfortable for many outdoors activities, including hiking, camping, and lift-serviced skiing. Hardshells are king when it’s cold and blowing, and they literally save lives on high mountains and in desolate places where the elements can kill. (Indeed, that is me in the back of the line in the photo above, a cold, snowy, iffy morning in the wilds of Patagonia last winter where hardshells saved the day.)

But when an active person’s aerobic levels spike, when you start to sweat inside your jacket, the current waterproof-breathable crop can rarely keep up.

When you talk waterproof-breathable, or “wp/b,” you’re talking about W. L. Gore & Associates Inc. and its eponymous GORE-TEX product, which employs a membrane of a compound called ePTFE (or “expanded polytetrafluoroethylene” if you want the lab-coat speak). But you’re also talking about eVent, a membrane from a subsidiary of General Electric Company popular on many jackets. Then there is Mountain Hardwear, Patagonia Inc., Columbia Sportswear Company, and probably a dozen more brands that have proprietary or private-label waterproof-breathable outerwear. The news this week, as highlighted further on, is that Polartec LLC is jumping into the wp/b game, too.

Polartec - slide.jpg

Polartec diagram on waterproof-breathable membrane

Beyond Gore and its polytetrafluoroethylene, the membranes are made from polyurethane, polyetheleyne, and other fancy compounds not often discussed outside a science lab. The secret sauce in each solution — the “membranes” — are thin sheets of microscopically-porous material. They have holes small enough to let air out — but not let a drop of water in. As long as your jacket’s seams are taped and the membrane is not damaged, a good hardshell jacket can stay watertight for years.

But waterproofness has never been the weak link. It’s that old breathable side where it’s difficult to compete. Hardshells in recent years have seen a backlash from outdoors types looking for more air. The softshell jacket, which was popularized in the 1990s and built up by fabric makers like Schoeller and Polartec, offers a non-waterproof — but highly breathable! — option against the crinkly hardness of a hardshell. Softshells and other non-waterproof jackets are the uniforms of most active outdoors types. For me, a hardshell stays in my backpack at all times. It’s an essential tool and an insurance plan. But until the sky opens up or the wind starts whipping, I avoid wearing hardshells at all cost.

But wait! In 2011, hardshells are coming back. This autumn, in anticipation of products that for the most part will be on the market a year from now, the outdoors press was inundated with announcements on “new and better” hardshell solutions, including a new offering from the originator (Gore), big news from Mountain Hardwear, and a substantial announcement from a brand that built its business on the back of softshells and synthetic fleece.

Polartec NeoShell copy.jpg

Vaude jacket prototype for 2011 with NeoShell

Polartec would be the name of that fleece-maker mentioned above. Since the 1980s, when the Massachusetts company invented polar fleece, all things soft, warm and insulating have been company hallmarks. But an evolution through fleece, softshells, into technical layers, and, finally, to wp/b membrane types, has marched Polartec to a brave new vantage point. In 2011, with several partner brands, the company will unveil its first waterproof-breathable hardshell fabric alternative.

NeoShell is the name of the Polartec product, and as the moniker hints it’s being touted as something revolutionary and new — the “most breathable waterproof fabric on the market,” to be exact. While the basic concept of NeoShell is fundamentally not new — it’s a polyurethane-based product that employs a thin, microscopically-porous material as a membrane to repel water and breathe — Polartec says NeoShell is different from GORE-TEX in that it is highly “air permeable.”

Translation: While other membranes are airtight, NeoShell lets a tiny bit of air get in through a hardshell fabric. Here’s an official explanation from Polartec literature: “NeoShell is completely waterproof but unlike most hardshells on the market today with zero airflow, NeoShell allows actual air permeability. Even a tiny amount of air permeability, imperceptible from a wind chill standpoint, accelerates moisture vapor transport significantly.”

continued on next page. . .

Posted by Robin - 11/19/2010 10:43 AM

Great post!

Just one note in case you don’t already know; Mountain Hardwear is actually a brand made by the Columbia Sportswear Company.

BackpackBaseCamp.com

Posted by Miguel - 11/19/2010 01:20 PM

It’s a shame that it isn’t better known, but there is one company that has been making extremely breathable, never clammy or wet from condensation, laminate-less, and completely waterproof rain gear for the past 20 years: Paramo, a Scottish company owned by Nikwax, the same people who make the wash-in waterproofing. I have no association with them, but after first trying Paramo, I never went back. There is nothing else like them.

Posted by jpea - 11/19/2010 01:49 PM

and with a backing from Nikwax, I wouldn’t be surprised that it’s great gear either.

Posted by JamesW - 11/19/2010 08:29 PM

I must have a dozen hardshell jackets, including a 30 year old GTex that still works. What I really need are good pants or salopettes. Why do companies produce so many jackets and only a few bottoms?. Waterproof, breathable, full side zips that don’t leak, tough enough for bushwacking and trail maintenance, and fashionable enough to wear around town. Too much to ask? Thanks Miguel for the Paramo tip – never heard of them before.

Posted by willy - 11/20/2010 11:58 AM

In the photo above (in which you are last in line), what kind of pack is the first person carrying? Thanks!

Posted by T.C. Worley - 11/20/2010 01:04 PM

Willy,

Those are Aarn packs : www.aarnpacks.com

Notable for the front pack design. Check them out.

Posted by David - 11/21/2010 12:04 AM

For me Gore-tex hardshells etc have been ok until the origional DWR wears off, even when freshly applied, i just cant keep my hard shells beading up water for more than an hr in the rain after using the Nickwaxes and other products that are supposed to “renew” the DWR.

Posted by Kevin - 12/20/2010 07:36 PM

Are the active shell focused on the more lightweight end of the spectrum? What about a heavy storm shell, will companies be using it for that application?

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