closeup of Beastmaker hangboard

The Best Hangboards of 2021

Hangboards are the most simple and effective rock climbing training tools in existence. Check out the best hangboards of 2021.

It’s no secret that the popularity of climbing is actively booming. Before the pandemic threw a wrench in the industry’s plans, 75 new climbing gyms were scheduled to open in 2020 — the most ever in a single calendar year. The allure of urban climbing facilities is clear — new climbers are discovering that climbing offers a rare combination of exercise and social interaction.

Once hooked on the activity, the hunger for personal progression and intentional training tends to grow quickly. It doesn’t take long for an enthusiastic new climber to discover the hangboard.

The hangboard is a compact training tool that can be used in the gym, at home, or on the go. Climbers often mount them above a doorframe, immediately turning their kitchen into a mini gym.

Though rock climbing requires a variety of skills, strengths, and techniques, finger strength is the ultimate key to progressing as a climber. Hangboards, with their various edges and pockets, directly target the fingers.

With regular use, proper form, and an intentional training schedule, all of the hangboards on this list can help you shatter performance plateaus and improve as a climber.

Old and New Designs

On this review of the best hangboards of 2021, you’ll find some boards that have been around for years, with proven designs mostly unchanged from previous models. Other selections here come from newer companies offering fresh innovations in hangboard layout, materials, and styling.

The climbing world has recently seen a major influx of small businesses offering various kinds of gear and training implements. Many climbing innovators with access to a suitable woodshop are turning their training tool concepts into actual products. In the midst of this exciting trend, there are now far more options than ever before.

Most importantly, the hangboard you buy should be the best hangboard for you. With tons of variations on the market, certain hangboards are tailored for specific kinds of climbers.

For example, if you’re looking to begin finger strength training, you may not need a board with a bunch of shallow monos and tiny credit card edges. If you already have tendons of steel, you’ll want a board well-matched to your advanced skill set and training goals. For more help choosing, check out our buyer’s guide below.

Scroll through to see all of our recommended buys or jump to the category you’re looking for:

The Best Hangboards of 2021

Best Overall: Beastmaker 2000

beastmaker hangboards

The design of the Beastmaker 2000 ($138) was based on input from some of the world’s strongest climbers. Because it was conceived by the pros, this board is not an ideal option for beginner finger training. Still, the Beastmaker is widely considered the gold standard of hangboards.

Although it’s packed with an impressive number of different grips, the total package is quite compact and fits nicely above most doorframes. Many van-dwelling climbers find it to be a great option for mounting to the van and training while on the go — just ask Alex Honnold.

Every hold on the Beastmaker 2000 is shaped to minimize the likelihood of tweaking a finger. The grippy yet pleasant texture of the wood won’t wreck your skin, and you won’t find it overly slippery, either.

With an emphasis on slopers and small to medium pockets, this is the ideal board for advanced climbers looking to target their weaknesses. The board comes with six screws for easy installation.

For a slightly different variation, the Beastmaker 1000 is also very popular.

Specs:
  • Dimensions: 58 cm x 15 cm x 5.8 cm
  • Material: Wood
  • Best for: Advanced and elite climbers looking to target weaknesses
Features:
  • Finished wood surface offers comfort and grip
  • Hold types include slopers, pockets, and monos
  • Board includes a large mouth jug for one-arm hangs
  • Includes six installation screws
Pros:
  • Advanced hold types including monos and 45-degree slopers for high-end training
  • Friendly on the skin
  • Small, compact, and easy to mount
Cons:
  • Not ideal for beginner or intermediate climbers
  • Expensive relative to other boards

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Best for Beginners: Metolius Rock Rings

metolius rock rings

Metolius Rock Rings ($40) are versatile, portable, and beginner-friendly climbing training devices. They’re an affordable choice for climbers looking to train at home or on the go. If gymnastic rings, a pull-up bar, and a hangboard all got together and had a baby, Metolius Rock Rings would be the outcome.

Made of solid polyester resin, the Rock Rings are quite heavy and hold up to lots of abuse. However, they really weigh down a pack if you choose to hike them up to the crag as a tool for warming up.

Each set of Rock Rings comes with two independent units, each suspendable by a simple system of threaded cord for ease of setup. Ideal for the traveling climber, they can hang them from a pull-up bar, a tree branch, or even some bolts at the crag for a warmup or quick training session.

Pull-up-related exercises are where the Rock Rings really shine. A large jug on top is great for standard pull-ups or gymnastic ring-like exercises. Below the jug, three pockets of varied width and depth offer further opportunities for offset pulls or weighted hangs.

Specs:
  • Weight: 66 oz. per Rock Ring
  • Material: Polyester resin
  • Best for: Pull-up exercises, traveling climbers
Features:
  • Great for travel, can hang anywhere
  • Sold as a pair
  • Comprehensive instructions and training guide sold with every set
Pros:
  • Affordable
  • Versatile, can be used for finger training, pull-up exercises, and more
  • Easy installation
  • Single-point suspension allows for joint rotation for injury prevention
Cons:
  • Limited hold sizes and shapes
  • Lacks features for training slopers and other specific weaknesses
  • Heavy

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Best for Intermediate and Advanced Climbers: So iLL Iron Palm Training Board

so ill iron palm training board

The So iLL Iron Palm Training Board ($100) is an excellent intermediate-level hangboard. It features a simple design and is available in either urethane or wood ($119).

The edges on this board aren’t ultrathin, so this board may not meet every training need for the elite climber. However, for those looking for a reliable hangboard with a variety of approachable edge widths and pinches, the Iron Palm is a sweet choice.

Shaped by legendary climbing hold shaper and pro climber Jason Kehl, the Iron Palm comes with some unique design flair. The urethane version is available in vibrant pink and seafoam color schemes. And a pair of ornate dragons adorn the largest edge on the board.

Another notable feature of this board is the pair of massively bulbous slopers that give the Iron Palm its name and unusual look. These slopers are formed to be positive enough for intermediate climbers to use, but they’re rounded enough to intentionally improve contract strength.

If your project is located at a sloper-heavy crag like Maple Canyon or Horse Pens 40, this would be an ideal board to train on.

Specs:
  • Dimensions: 27″ x 11.5″ x 4″
  • Weight: 9 lb.
  • Material: Urethane or wood
Features:
  • Four different edge sizes
  • Multiple sizes of pinches
  • Large, bulbous slopers
Pros:
  • Great range of edge sizes for intermediate to advanced climbers
  • Allows user to train crimps, slopey crimps, pinches, and slopers all on the same board
  • Well-placed screw holes allow for secure mounting
Cons:
  • Lack of very thin edges and challenging slopers for elite climbers

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Most Versatile: Trango Rock Prodigy Training Center (RPTC)

trango rock prodigy training center

When it comes to hangboards with tons of different grips, the Trango Rock Prodigy ($140) is the gold standard. Most notably, this hangboard comes as two separate symmetrical pieces.

Because of this two-piece design, many climbers and climbing gyms choose to mount the board in an adjustable fashion so the distance between the two sides can be altered. This allows climbers to customize the width of their training positions, offering extra versatility to a board that is already jam-packed with possibilities.

The texture of the Rock Prodigy’s surface is sticky and rough, although it’s formulated to prevent excessive skin loss. Deemed a training center and not just a hangboard, the Rock Prodigy is designed to be the centerpiece of your training regime.

The RPTC is meant to be used alongside “The Rock Climber’s Training Manual,” a book co-written by elite climbers Mike and Mark Anderson.

Overall, the highlight of the RPTC is a focus on progression ingrained in the product’s design. The training manual provides specific and progressive workouts that can be completed with the RPTC.

The actual holds have small textured dots on them that allow you to recall your exact hand positions from session to session. It’s a great option for the intermediate to advanced climber intent on leveling up.

Specs:
  • Dimensions: 9.1” x 12.1” per side
  • Weight: 4.93 lb. per side, 9.86 lb. total
  • Material: Polyester resin
  • Best for: Motivated climbers looking to progress
Features:
  • Two-piece design allows climbers to change the width of the board
  • Textured bumps on edges for repeatable finger positions and placement
Pros:
  • Tons of options for holds make this an effective all-in-one board
  • Progression-focused design stays relevant as you improve
  • Hold angles and sizes are designed with joint health and injury prevention in mind
Cons:
  • More difficult to mount than other hangboards, especially if you want to be able to change the width between sides
  • On the more expensive end of the hangboard market
  • Takes up more space than other boards

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Best Value: Metolius Wood Grips II

metolius wood grips ii

The Metolius Wood Grips II hangboard ($80) is one of the most affordable wood boards on the market. While wood boards usually come with a retail price of $100 or more, this board is approachable for the climber seeking to explore hangboarding on a tighter budget.

With plenty of jugs and large edges for beginner and intermediate climbers to utilize, this board features a streamlined, symmetrical one-piece design. The top row features a pair of large jugs and two moderate-angle slopers.

The middle row includes an assortment of 1-inch-deep pockets and edges. The bottom row’s holds are a bit more shallow at 0.75 inches deep.

Made of alder wood that’s a touch slicker than most hangboard surfaces, the Wood Grips II will challenge your contact strength. It works well as a training ground for slippery rock types like limestone or polished granite. For an entry-level hangboard that can effectively build foundational finger strength, this is a solid choice.

Specs:
  • Dimensions: 24″ x 6.2″
  • Material: Alderwood
  • Best for: Entry-level hangboard users
Features:
  • Simple symmetrical design
  • Board includes mounting hardware and training guide
Pros:
  • Far more affordable than most other wood hangboards
  • Compact size for easy mounting in tight spaces
  • Approachable design for beginner and intermediate climbers
Cons:
  • Simple design lacks small holds and pinches
  • Not ideal for advanced climbers

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Best for Advanced and Elite Climbers: Tension Climbing Grindstone Mk2

tension climbing grindstone mk2

The Tension Climbing Grindstone Mk2 ($130-155) is an advanced training tool that can keep fingers strong and ready to send over long gym closures and cold winter seasons. Tension, the maker of the Tension Board and several other wood training devices, delivered the Grindstone Mk2 as the next iteration in its lineage of high-quality hangboards.

Based on an asymmetrical edge layout to ensure ideal grip spacing for each edge size, the Grindstone Mk2 delivers a more consistent training stimulus than previous Tension models. Each edge on the board is engraved with its depth in millimeters. With edge sizes all the way down to 8 mm, this is truly a board that can offer advanced and elite climbers plenty of potential.

With skin-friendly poplar wood and a comfortable rounded-edge profile, this board allows you to develop impressive finger strength without the pain.

Specs:
  • Dimensions: 23″ × 7″ × 3″
  • Weight: 5 lb.
  • Material: Wood
  • Best for: Advanced and elite climbers
Features:
  • Edge widths from 8 mm to 50 mm
  • Engraved edge depths
  • Phone holder
  • Six screws included
Pros:
  • Comfortable edge profile
  • Asymmetrical grip spacing for better body positioning
  • Grippy but not overly abrasive
Cons:
  • Beginner climbers won’t have much use for tiny edges
  • Lack of slopers and pinches

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Best Portable Hangboard: Crag Life Burrito Grande

crag life burrito grande

The Burrito Grande Hangboard ($89) from Crag Life is an innovative, portable hangboard for climbers on the go. Utilizing a clever cylindrical shape, the Burrito Grande includes far more edge sizes and hold types than most portable hang boards. We recommend the Burrito Grande for vehicle-dwelling climbers looking to keep their fingers strong on the road and for efficiently warming up at the base of the crag.

A length of cordage rated to 500 pounds offers a simple way to hang the Burrito from a tree branch or climbing bolt. Once the Burrito is hung, users can easily alternate between edge depths of 7, 10, 15, and 20 mm. We found the wooden surface to be grippy and easy on the skin, and the slightly rounded edges feel ergonomic and comfortable.

In addition to four edge depths, the Burrito Grande also offers various hold shapes including a jug, open-handed sloping edge, rounded sloper, and small pinch. All of the hold shapes are both comfortable and directly transferable to common hang board training protocols. We particularly enjoyed hanging a kettlebell from the Burrito’s cordage and squeezing the pinch until failure.

hand holding a crag life burrito grande
(Photo/Austin Beck-Doss)

Though the Burrito is significantly heavier than other portable hang board options, it fits easily into a pack and is a great addition to your cragging kit. Once at the wall, hang the Burrito from an accessible bolt to create a simple warm-up station. If you’re bouldering, the Burrito can be used by draping the cordage over your feet and pulling on the edges in a seated position.

Like most portable hang boards, the Burrito Grande is not as stable as a wall-mounted board. The edges don’t always sit perfectly flat, and positioning the Burrito properly does require a trial and error adjustment process. Still, for a portable and compact hangboard, the Burrito boasts a clever design and provides a clear path to stronger fingers.

Specs:
  • Material: Wood, 3D-printed plastic, and cordage
  • Best for: Warming up at the crag, training on the go
Features:
  • Edge depths of 7, 10, 15, and 20 mm
  • Various hold shapes
Pros:
  • Compatible with many hangboard profiles
  • Compact
  • Comfortable holds
Cons:
  • Heavy compared to other portable hangboards

Check Price at Crag Life

Best of the Rest

Danger Buddies BuddyBoard Hangboard

dangerbuddies buddyboard hangboard

The Danger Buddies BuddyBoard hangboard ($135) is made from sustainably sourced U.S. alder hardwood. It has a unique design and a few clever built-in features.

Designed in collaboration with climbing coaches from Adventure Rock, a climbing gym in Wisconsin, this board emphasizes body alignment and healthy form for reduced stress on the shoulders, elbows, and wrists. This is especially important for still-growing climbers who generally need to hangboard very carefully for the health of their growth plates and joints.

A large 20-degree sloper sits at the top of the board, while two-, three-, and four-finger pockets share the lower portion of the board with several edges of varying depths. Recessed bolt hangers offer an easy anchor point for climbers who like to train with pulley systems used to reduce the force of their hanging body weight.

These bolt hangers are also a great place to practice building climbing anchors and other climbing systems while safely on the ground. To top things off, a front and center phone holder offers a convenient place to view your phone or timer during workouts.

Specs:
  • Dimensions: 24” x 2.25” x 6”
  • Material: Alder hardwood sourced in the U.S.
  • Best for: Intermediate climbers and climbers who want to train with pulley systems
Features:
  • Recessed bolt hangers
  • Integrated phone or timer holder
Pros:
  • Bolt hangers double as a practice anchor station for hard skills practice on the ground
  • Good hold variety for beginner or intermediate climbers
  • Board design is considerate of body alignment and joint health
Cons:
  • No holds are smaller than 15 mm; elite climbers will be left wanting more
  • Features only a single sloper angle and no pinches

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Metolius Simulator 3D Training Board

metolius simulator 3d training board

After many generations and subtle changes to its design over the years, the Metolius Simulator 3D Training Board ($90) remains one of the most versatile, affordable, and effective boards on the market.

The most striking feature of this board is its impressive variety of holds. With so many different hold sizes and pocket depths available, it can be difficult to figure out where to begin with the Simulator 3D. Fortunately, the board comes with a training guide to get you started down the training path.

Because this board’s many holds range from shallow to deep, beginner and advanced climbers alike will find lots of options for an effective session. The board lacks the severe slopers and micro edges of the Beastmaker 2000, so elite climbers may be left wanting with this board. But for everyone else, it’s a useful tool.

Although the Simulator 3D’s fine-textured polyester resin aims to be easy on the skin, it tends to feel more abrasive than wood options. The whole board has a slight arch shape to it, which is designed to match the body’s physiology and helps prevent injury.

Overall, a lot of consideration has been channeled into this board. Its staying power is a testament to its effectiveness as a quality hangboard.

Specs:
  • Dimensions: 28″ x 8.75″
  • Weight: 12 lb.
  • Material: Polyester resin
  • Best for: Climbers looking for a board with tons of holds
Features:
  • Symmetrical design
  • Entire board is tapered from top to bottom to provide clearance for forearms while hanging on the upper holds
  • Includes training guide and mounting hardware
Pros:
  • Massive variety of hold sizes and depths
  • Good value
Cons:
  • Takes up lots of space and will not fit over every doorframe

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Buyer’s Guide: How to Choose a Hangboard

The hangboard market has never been as full of high-quality options as it is right now. However, so many choices can make it difficult to actually make a selection. Here, we break it down so you can find the right hangboard for you.

Determine Your Goal

First, it’s important to think about what kind of climber you are, what kind of climber you’d like to become, and how a hangboard would best help you through the process. Although there’s a subjective element to the difficulty scale for grading climbing routes, grades can be a useful benchmark when shopping for a hangboard.

Climbers who scale up to around V3 boulders and 5.10 routes are generally considered in the beginner and intermediate categories. Boulders from V4 to V7 or so and routes from 5.11 to low-end 5.13 could be considered advanced. Finally, V8+ boulders and 5.13+ routes are more or less in the elite range.

While you’re shopping for a hangboard, you’ll find the manufacturer is usually clear about which category of climbers the board is designed for.

A well-maintained board can last many years or perhaps decades, even with regular use. For this reason, it’s important to view your purchase as an investment.

As you grow stronger and your training needs change, you’ll want your board to continue to meet those needs. It’s helpful to purchase a board with some hold sizes that are currently outside of your ability level, especially if you have ambitions to significantly increase your finger strength over time.

Hold Types

Almost all hangboards have some variation of a jug — another word for a large, positive, easy-to-grab hold. Beyond this, beginner hangboards have edges and pockets that range from 20 mm to 50 mm deep. These depths meet the general needs of a beginner climber entering the world of hangboard training.

When the edge depth is less than 20 mm, it’s recommended you have some intermediate- to advanced-level finger strength to train on it safely. Advanced and elite boards usually include edges and pockets that are 10 mm deep — or perhaps even less!

In addition to edges and pockets, some hangboards include pinches, slopers, and other hold types. For the beginner climber, it’s probably most important to build foundational finger strength through standard pockets, edges, and jugs. For more experienced climbers, other hold types can be a valuable addition to a board.

Slopers and pinches engage different muscles and parts of the hand and fingers, so they offer more nuanced training opportunities. Some climbers may want to train on a certain hold type as a way to prepare for a competition or specific outdoor project.

For slopers, an angle of 30 degrees and up caters to the more advanced climber. Not all hangboards measure their sloper angle. However, some, like the So iLL Iron Palm, include slopers that are fairly approachable for beginners.

Hand holding onto So Ill Hangboard
Training on the So iLL’s big slopers; (photo/Austin Beck-Doss)

Types of Material

Materials should also be a consideration when shopping for a hangboard. For the most part, there are two categories of hangboard materials — wood and polyurethane/polyester resin.

Wood has recently become popular for high-end hangboards. Most wooden hangboards are made using a CNC machine to cut out precise, repeatable grooves that will become the edges and other holds on the finished board.

The texture tends to be slightly smoother on a wood hangboard. This means less abrasion on your skin and (hopefully) fewer forced rest days due to raw fingertips.

However, not all wood hangboards have the same feel. Depending on how they’ve been sanded and finished, a wood hangboard can be super slick or super grippy. Either way, wood hangboards tend to be more expensive than boards in the other dominant category.

Polyurethane or polyester resin hangboards are made from the same material as the climbing holds that litter the walls of any contemporary climbing gym. While some resin boards are made by pouring liquid resin into silicone molds, most are produced by the same CNC process used to make wood boards.

Compared to wood, resin boards are heavy, dense, and coarsely textured on the surface. A resin board’s surface is often more abrasive than a wood board’s surface, and it can cause more fingertip wear per session.

Like wooden hangboards, resin boards need to be lightly cleaned occasionally to prevent the buildup of gunk and chalk as well as to maintain their ideal texture.

How to Hang a Hangboard

A hangboard mounted in your home provides easy access to a training session without making the trip to the gym. Most hangboards come with an instruction manual for proper installation. There are a few important considerations for mounting any board that ensure that you do it right the first time.

Choose a Great Location

Selecting the perfect location is a key step in the installation process. First, consider how it feels in the spaces you’re considering mounting your board.

You want your training area to be comfortable and pleasant enough that you don’t dread your hangboard sessions. For example, a hangboard mounted in a cold, dark garage may end up neglected simply because the setting is unappealing for training.

Once you’ve identified some good location options for mounting your board, think about how it will actually feel to train in each of them. If you’re considering mounting the board above a doorframe, make sure the height of the frame is well-suited to your body.

Do you have to jump or stand on a chair to reach your board? Do your feet drag on the ground when you’re hanging? Ideally, the top of the board should be within reach while standing on the ground with the arms slightly bent. This allows you to comfortably use every hold on the board from a standing position.

Aim to mount your board in an area with a reasonable buffer of open space. You don’t want to have to squeeze in between a sofa and a table during your training sessions. It may be helpful to have a bit of floor space near the board so you have the option to include floor workouts in future sessions.

Safety First

No matter where you choose to install your board, it needs to be safely mounted and structurally sound. You want to get strong, but you don’t want to rip your board off the wall!

If you’re mounting your board above a doorframe or to another part of your home, locate the studs, or internal framing, of your wall of choice.

A few items that will come in handy include a power drill, a level, a stud finder, proper hardware, a backing board, and a variety of drill bits. A backing board is a solid piece of wood measuring 1-2 inches thick that serves as the surface to screw your hangboard onto.

The dimensions of your backing board should be slightly larger than your actual hangboard in both length and width. You want the entire hangboard to fit on the backing board without sitting over the edges. A backing board allows you to minimize the number of holes you drill into your wall or mounting surface.

Once you know the location of your studs or other structural elements, mark them clearly with a pencil. As you decide on the position of both your hangboard and your backing board, use the level to make sure the hangboard is fixed in a perfectly level position.

The backing board is screwed directly into the studs, creating a solid mounting surface for your hangboard. You can trace the outline of your hangboard onto your backing board to ensure perfect positioning when mounting. Before you begin the actual mounting process, double-check all of your elements fit exactly as you want them to.

Time to Install the Hangboard

It’s helpful to have an extra set of hands available to hold things in place while you screw them in with your power drill. Use long screws to mount the backing board to the centerline of the studs as you marked them.

With the backing board in place, align your hangboard with the outline you drew on the backing board. Then begin to screw the hangboard into place. Use shorter screws that will not go all the way through the backing board and into the wall itself.

Most hangboards are made with screw holes already in place. It’s best to use every screw hole for safe, solid mounting. If the board came with hardware, use it! If the board came with instructions for installation, refer to those throughout the process.

Finally, with your board in place, try it out. Congratulations! The first step toward at-home finger strength training is complete.

Stay-at-Home Climbing Training Tips

Throughout the pandemic, many climbers have been unable to access climbing gyms and training centers. For this reason, at-home climbing training recently experienced an all-time peak. Climbers around the world are coming up with creative, effective methods of staying strong and pursuing improvement from the safety of their own space.

From kettlebells to medicine balls, lots of pieces of equipment can add value to an at-home training session. For climbers, the hangboard stands alone as perhaps the most effective training tool. Once you’ve got your setup ready to go, the training options that a good hangboard provides are endless.

Evaluate Your Abilities

First, it’s crucial to understand your current abilities, strengths, and weaknesses so you begin your at-home training at an appropriate level. It’s better to start slowly and lean toward the conservative side of things rather than to jump in too quickly, train too hard, and injure a finger or a shoulder in the process.

For example, you can start on the larger holds on your board and work up to the smaller holds. Begin with shorter duration hangs and train up to longer ones. With patience, your hangboard can be a safe and effective source of improvement.

Create a Training Plan

When training at home, it can be difficult to maintain a focused and consistent practice. It may be helpful to schedule your training plan in advance. This way, you aren’t relying on the hope that the inspiration to train will come suddenly and naturally.

Also, it can be helpful to keep notes of your sessions. What exercises did you do? How long did you do them for? Look for progression in your results over time, and use this progress to build motivation and confidence.

Keep Yourself Motivated

It’s not always easy to remember that there is a connection between the monotony of dangling from a hangboard and the joy you receive from climbing. To maintain this all-important link, put up some photos of your favorite climbing area or a specific project above or around your hangboard. You’re training for a reason, and it’s helpful to keep that reason in mind.

Start Simple and Scale

There are endless variations of effective hangboard protocols and programs. However, it’s wise to begin with a simple set of exercises so you don’t get lost in the sea of possibilities — especially for beginners. Included here are a few foundational hangboard exercises to try out as you begin to get the hang of training at home.

Standard Two-Arm Hang

This is the bread and butter of hangboard training. Find two holds of the same size and depth on your board. With one hand in each hold, hang with your shoulders engaged and your elbows slightly bent. For safety, the position of the fingers should be slightly open and not maximally engaged in a full-crimp position.

The full crimp, which involves raised knuckles and placing the thumb on top of the fingers while pulling on a climbing hold, can result in a finger injury. While some climbers choose to use a full crimp while hangboarding, caution is advised.

For the standard two-arm hang, begin with a duration of between 5 and 10 seconds. Between repetitions, rest at least a full minute. This exercise is hangboarding at its most simple.

For those brand new to hangboard training, the standard two-arm hang is a good place to start building foundational finger strength. A session may include three to 10 reps of the two-arm hang, although you can alter the number of reps and duration as needed.

Small hold on Beastmaster Hangboard
Work your way up to small holds to avoid injury; (photo/Austin Beck-Doss)

Offset Hang

The offset hang involves placing the hands offset on two different holds on the hangboard, with one hand significantly higher on the board than the other. For example, place the left hand on an edge somewhere low on the board and the right hand up high on a larger hold, such as a jug. Typically, the higher hand should utilize a larger, less strenuous hold, and the lower hand should pull on a smaller hold.

The offset hang mimics a body position often used while climbing when one hand is above the other. Hang in this position with the shoulders and elbows engaged for 5 to 10 seconds. Rest at least a minute between repetitions and alternate hands between each rep. Complete four to 10 total reps per session.

One-Arm Hang

The one-arm hang is a more advanced exercise that should be reserved for intermediate to advanced climbers that have developed climbing-specific strength and technique over time.

Select a hold and hang with your core, shoulder, and elbow engaged for 2 to 10 seconds. Use your core to keep your body from swinging and maintain a static, controlled position. Complete between two and five repetitions on each side per session.

These three exercises are simply a possible starting place for your at-home hangboard training. Over time, you can increase the number of repetitions and duration of each hang.

There are other ways to make these exercises more strenuous for advanced climbers, such as adding weight with a weight vest or a harness. There are lots of other exercises out there, so continue to seek the best hangboard protocol for your specific goals as a climber.

Mix It Up

In addition to the hangboard, several other training implements can really round out an at-home training center. Grip strengtheners, which come in various forms, are a great and simple way to develop hand and finger strength between hangboard sessions.

These small, portable devices are easy to use while watching a movie, or even while commuting. Cheap and effective, these devices can be a useful way to begin training while you figure out which hangboard to purchase.

Yet another option is the pegboard, a simple option that climbers sometimes use to develop general fitness and foundational upper body strength. A pegboard is a wall-mounted board with a series of small, round holes. The climber moves up the board by placing pegs, one in each hand, into the holes, typically with their feet dangling below.

The pegboard is not as strenuous on the fingers as the hangboard. So, it can be a good option for climbers who are working to build up their base of strength before shifting their focus to their fingers.

For more information on how to maximize your hangboard’s training benefit, many excellent and thorough resources are available. Several training books delve deeply into the process of structuring an effective hangboard protocol.

These books were written by climbers for climbers. These resources can offer answers to questions that will undoubtedly arise as you explore the path of hangboarding and climbing-specific training.

Our Book Recommendations

Training for Climbing: The Definitive Guide to Improving Your Performance

This book is a high-quality resource. Drawing on the latest research in climbing nutrition and training, this bestseller presents a comprehensive and evidence-based program for improving climbing performance.

Veteran climber and sports scientist Eric Horst has been writing training manuals for decades, including the groundbreaking “How to Climb 5.12.” In “Training For Climbing,” Horst covers topics such as energy system training, developing power endurance and aerobic endurance, and injury prevention.

The Rock Climber’s Training Manual

For climbers of all ability levels, this book offers concrete methods for both immediate and continuous improvement. “The Rock Climber’s Training Manual” expands on the well-regarded Rock Prodigy training method many elite climbers have utilized. Whether you climb 5.8 or 5.15, this book offers proven exercises that can effectively guide your training.

The Rock Warrior’s Way

“The Rock Warrior’s Way” focuses specifically on improving mental strength for climbing. Mental training is covered far less often in climbing literature compared to physical training. However, this is an all-important aspect that can unlock a climber’s full potential.

Author Arno Ilgner draws on sports psychology and his deep experience as a climber to offer guidance on motivation, risk assessment, and mental focus. Mental training can be a particularly beneficial counterpart to hangboard training, resulting in a well-rounded climber with all the tools necessary to meet their goals.

The Push

When Tommy Caldwell and Kevin Jorgeson climbed the Dawn Wall on El Capitan, the most difficult multi-pitch rock climb in the world, their efforts caught the attention of the world at large.

While Caldwell’s memoir “The Push” isn’t exactly a training manual, it’s packed with details from an exceptional life of rock climbing. For the aspirational climber, this book offers vivid images of run-out big walls, and plenty of motivation to hit the hangboard.

FAQ

What Should I Look For in a Hangboard?

The best hangboard to purchase is the one that meets the needs of your current ability level, offers room for growth into the climber you want to become, and also fits your budget.

If you’re a beginner-level climber, purchase a board with plenty of larger hold sizes and shapes, including large jugs. Be sure that other hold options will be usable when your finger strength and hangboarding ability develop further.

Advanced climbers should look for a board that offers demanding hold shapes and types. If you’re training for a certain route or boulder that has a lot of a certain type of hold, make sure your new board includes similar holds.

The price range of available hangboards is broad. Expect to pay over $100 for the high-end models. Wood hangboards tend to be more expensive than resin boards.

Hangboard sizes also vary quite a bit. Measure the location where you plan to install your board before you purchase it and make sure the board’s dimensions work for you.

Should Beginners Hangboard?

Hangboard training can put a lot of strain on sensitive joints and tissues like tendons and pulleys. So, it’s important to be aware of safe hangboarding practices before starting a program, especially as a beginner or intermediate climber. There is much debate around whether beginner climbers — especially young, actively growing climbers — should be hangboarding.

Regardless of your experience level, proper hangboarding technique is very important for injury prevention. Generally, the muscles in the shoulders should not sag and the elbows should be slightly bent to engage the forearms. Keep your back straight rather than arched, especially if you choose to add extra weight to your hang.

If you are a beginner considering starting a hangboard program, use lots of caution and keep your focus on safety. Tendons and connective tissues are slower to strengthen than muscles. Stronger fingers will come, but a beginner’s focus should be on safety and injury prevention.

Can I Hangboard Every Day?

No. It’s not wise to hangboard every single day. Hangboarding puts a lot of strain on the tendons and connective tissues in the fingers, forearms, and hands.

These tissues require recovery periods between stresses. Sufficient rest between sessions is important for both injury prevention and effective recovery.

When Should I Start Using a Hangboard?

Typically, climbers should simply focus on actual climbing during the first 6 to 12 months of participation in the sport. This allows the body to work up the stresses of climbing and helps prevent long-term injuries.

How Do I Use a Hangboard?

Fundamentally, the hangboard is used to strengthen the fingers’ pulling and grip strength for climbers seeking to progress their ability to complete more difficult rock climbs. To use one, hang from holds on the board with your shoulder and elbow joints engaged. The elbows should be slightly bent. Avoid hanging with your shoulders next to your ears.

When hangboarding, it’s recommended most climbers use an open-handed or half-crimp hand position. These hand positions avoid the full crimp, which positions the knuckles above the fingertips and wraps the thumb on top of the fingertips. The full crimp creates a significant potential for injury in the tendon and pulley tissues.

Between each repetition of hanging, take sufficient rest to allow the fingers to recover. It’s recommended to take at least a day of rest between hangboard sessions.

How Do You Train to Climb Without Climbing?

Beginner climbers should focus on actual climbing to progress. If this isn’t possible due to limited access to gyms or crags, the hangboard and other tools can offer helpful climbing-specific training.

By incorporating hangboard sessions in your at-home training, your fingers will become stronger at pulling and gripping climbing holds. Over time, you’ll gain the ability to utilize smaller climbing holds, a feature of many difficult rock climbs.

Along with your hangboard training, core exercises, stretching, and even some cardio can all benefit your climbing performance. A well-rounded climber should have a solid fitness base to lean on.

Even if your access to the gym or the crag is currently restricted, intentional workouts with a focus on climbing-related skills can allow you to progress as a climber. When the time finally comes to return to actual climbing, you’ll be ready!

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